Army deserter arrested at Border" opposed Iraq war. The Making of Casablanca. Witnesses say he was bleeding profusely but conscious and talking.
There is more than a change of language there, but a demand that people reconceptualise very intimate physical facts about themselves. Where the analogy really breaks down though is of course with self-ID. No sane person anywhere would dream of making justice for adoptive parents contingent on them being able to self-declare themselves as parents to a specific child without the intervention of the state or any outside regulating agency.
Yet this is the very change that ia currently being campaigned for in the case of gender. Women are women, and can call themselves women. They can also use adjectives to say something about what kind of woman they are: If you have three minutes, watch https: Forcing him to legally be a woman would be putting ideology above both pragmatism and human dignity.
The same arguments apply in reverse to trans women. One seemingly significant disanalogy between the two cases is that transwomen claim that they have always been women, and transmen that they have always been men, long before they sought social recognition of that fact.
To become an adoptive father, I had to appear before court, together with my adopted daughter. We were inquired as to private details, our long term family relationship etc. In the end, I was permitted to be adoptive father. As a result, in some countries zero transitioned trans people have ID that matches the sex people assume they are. This makes life much more difficult: Adoptive parents form the role of a parent, that of raising the child within their family, hopefully making the child feel loved and providing a supportive foundation for their evolution into adulthood.
A woman is a member of the female reproductive class. She is inculated into sex-based cultural stereotypes which prepare her for that role, and to support the husband she is supposed to take. I am not kidding. There is a lot of transphobic hate and pure confabulation in the theories of being trans that you refer to. I feel better on a male hormone balance than a female one.
This is far more core to my experience of being a trans man than anything about social stereotypes. I know plenty of masculine trans men, and plenty of feminine trans men. A trans woman born on island raised only by a father , would still be a trans woman when she grows up. Think about why this would happen.
AGP provides a useful framework for us to understand transgender behaviour. It also gives the trans individual insight as to why they are how they are.
It does nobody any favours to pretend AGP is irrelevant to this discussion. Many do not consider this explanation applicable to many trans persons , and also not the best framework compared to the alternatives ; so it does nobody any favours to pretend it is relevant.
You think everyone else wrong and any evidence to the cantrary is explainable even as a case of lying , extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence , otherwise any claims and its opposite is the same.
Please do describe any other frameworks that explain transgender behaviour in males which is what we are talking about. Please advise on the theory and links to back your claim up. If the minority cannot support their claim , and the majority can ; I would appeal to the majority based on that.
Thank you for you patient , i hope anyone seeing this will heed to the more supported , regardless of their previous views. I think this is a fruitful analogy, and it can help shed light on the commitment involved in adoptive parenting that is absent in the self-identification laws being contemplated in the UK.
Suppose a school is looking for parents to chaperone an overnight field trip. Of course, nobody sensible would consider excluding adoptive parents from these duties as a general class.
But suppose someone self-identified as a parent without caring for a child? Nobody sensible thinks that person should be allowed come without very good reason.
Suppose someone took in a child on a very temporary basis. I think there would be reasonable questions to ask about whether it is appropriate for that person to come along.
Adoption is a legal process with built in safeguards to attempt to stand in for the trust we place in parents.
These include backgrounds checks and demonstrated commitment to care for the child. I think an equivalent commitment can be shown and is often present for transwomen and transmen, but such procedures are often not in place under proposed laws.
Perhaps this could serve as a good legal model. As a thought-experiment, supposed we had perfected brain transplant technology, and that the brain of a male baby whose organs were failing was transplanted into a donor body which happened to be female. Now suppose this this person grew up always feeling like a boy despite their body somewhat similar to the real-life case of David Reimer, a baby boy who in was given sex reassignment surgery following a botched circumcision, but always felt he was a boy despite being raised as a girl and not told the truth about what happened.
And suppose that at some point they wanted to transition, to be seen socially as the man they felt themselves to be, despite keeping their female reproductive system. If not, then it may not be a good analogy for real-life trans people either, for basically similar reasons. This is an interesting analogy indeed.
But one crucial issue that gender critical feminists have is how it is established that someone is a woman, and the main problem is the sufficiency of mere belief or conviction that one is a woman.
So, yes, once it is established that a person is a woman the analogy can kick in and be useful and enlightening. However, it leaves unaddressed the main issue of contention I think a few other comments touched on this point albeit in different ways. Just to be clear: Instead of using their power for the benefit of the people, they use it only for their own personal gain.
This is not the case for all of them, of course, but those who want to go against such a trend find themselves eventually isolated and powerless. If conscience comes under pressure from the basic instincts and becomes dulled, then the human being will descend more and more into an animal-like state and will then be forced to exclusively serve his own lower instincts.
If any of the basic functions, like imagination, reason or memory, are diminished or lost due to some illness or injury, then the process of awareness suffers, and the whole system may eventually collapse. In such a case, conscience can no longer function. This leads us to the conclusion that the overall functional ability of the brain information-consciousness—conscience leads to decision and to actions.
It has a unique character due to its infinite complexity, it is integrated if a part collapses, the whole system may suffer or collapse , and it is continuously changing new information is constantly absorbed, affecting and differentiating levels of conscience.
The hierarchical capacity of the human brain to make final and meaningful decisions is responsible for whether a person decides to commit himself to the quest for God, as do the monks, adepts and mystics, or to the quest for Truth, as do the philosophers and scientists, or to deceiving others, as do the criminals.
In this way, conscience formulates every level of experience, from the lowest to the highest, even to the transcendental and sublime. These transcendental, extramundane experiences of spiritual people can take place while the person is still in relatively good health and, at the same time, can understand and realize the ever-complex incoming information and thus make decisions and actions in split seconds.
It is through such a process that a new quality of conscience eventually emerges to sacrifice self-interest for the common good. Experience has shown that those individuals who were raised in families with strong moral attitudes can very seldom bypass the dictates of their conscience. Conscience, being the noblest function of our existence, constitutes the thread that keeps us in contact with our universal nature or with the objective Truth or with God or whatever one wants to call it [ 9 ].
Realistically speaking, humans cannot reach the absolute. They can only come closer to or go further from the absolute depending on the quality of their conscience. Unfortunately, this relative approaching of the Truth can change within the same person, sometimes in dramatic way.
The degree of conscience, or how close the awareness of the person is to the Truth, depends, unfortunately, on two factors:. This happens in an almost deterministic way. Examples of high conscience are the adepts of all times, with their transcendental experiences, and all those who managed to tame their passions and pursue the search for Truth or all those who sacrificed their lives for the societies in which they lived. Examples of low conscience are those who managed to deceive, oppress and take advantage of not only a few people but of whole societies or nations for their own personal benefit.
Such individuals are primarily the corrupted politicians whose actions may affect the whole nation. We, the common people, are somewhere between these two categories, and we fight tooth and nail to keep a somewhat balanced condition and not to shut down our conscience completely.
It is a daily struggle, and we usually lose many battles; consequently, our health decreases until death completes the picture. Here, it should be noted that the action that brings the greatest catharsis and inner release is confession in a kind of public situation.
The effects of psychological and psychotherapeutic treatments are based in this reality, whether it is admitted or not. The same fact has given power to all religions that have in their practices the act of confession. After an honest and deep confession, people have admitted that they felt rejuvenated and in better health. The decisions of people in positions of authority of all kinds depend on this individual state of conscience, whether their decisions will be destructive or constructive, affecting sometimes a whole nation or the whole of the planet.
The dulling of their conscience is necessary for those in authority to find excuses for promoting their destructive measures as needful and constructive. Many aggressive wars, especially within the last 50 years, have been executed in the name of democratic ideals, while their victims included millions of people and they have caused innumerable others to suffer.
This shows how unhealthy our leaders have become. An impressive book written by Prof. Illness in heads of Government in the last years", depicts this idea exactly, as does the speech of Prof. Consequently, the more human beings tame their passions by distancing themselves from their basic instincts, the more their conscience evolves, reaching its highest level and giving the sense to the individual that they are living in a state of bliss.
This evolution of conscience is an endless effort, one that goes on for as long as one lives; thus, in my opinion, conscience will never be defined as belonging to a certain part of the brain or as a chemically complex compound because the brain changes and evolves exactly because of those processes. However, all cultures know and agree on some basic concepts regarding morality. It was formulated through a complicated process of observation, experience in general, and suffering in particular.
This particular stimulus for the development of disease should be a main theme in the teachings of medical institutions for learning and understanding diseases and their role in shaping conscience. While conscience is a dictate of practical reason deciding that any particular action is right or wrong, synderesis is a dictate of the same practical reason that has for its object the first general principles of moral action [ 25 ].
In the first case, though, the person may be jailed and can survive the ordeal without health consequences. The second person, however, will have to suppress their conscience from bothering them and will therefore have health consequences, as they fear that they may be discovered and have anxieties over what they have done.
Vischer of the University of St. Thomas School of Law in Minneapolis explores the legal notion of civil society as a moral marketplace where competing moral convictions and claims of conscience are allowed to operate and compete without invoking the trump of state power, thus allowing for a healthy and engaged public life [ 26 ].
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List J Med Life v. Received Oct 14; Accepted Jan 6.
However, there are two ethnic groups relevant to this question. The BBC are always so concerned about balance. Why have there been no debates on the BBC about this question, with one side expressing something like the above view?
Why have there been no Guardian articles defending the Levine-type position? Maybe we should think of it like this: Transwomen are to women as adoptive parents are to parents. Still, the analogies are, I think, important and instructive. At any rate usually—there are families with a mix of biological and adopted children. So society has found a way for her to live the role of a parent, and to be recognised socially and legally as a parent, which kind of gets round the biological obstacle.
It is clear that the existence of adoptive relationships creates psychological difficulties, both for the parents and for the children, that would not otherwise exist.
But these problems are not big enough to make adoption a net bad thing. One reason why not is that adoptive parents are, in the nature of the case, deeply committed to parenting. It would upset her family. It would be importantly false: Yet since this aggressive accusation is also, alas, only too intelligible to the parent who is subjected to it, it would also be stamping up and down in the crassest and cruellest way on what anyone can see at once is very very likely to be a sore point for her.
Nobody sensible thinks that the existence of adoptive parents undermines our understanding of what it is to be a parent. Nobody sensible thinks that adoptive parents are, typically and as such, a threat to other parents. Or that they only went in for adoptive parenting as a way to get their hands on vulnerable children or vulnerable parents. We should be prepared to listen carefully and sympathetically to the case that might be made sometimes for biological-parents-only spaces.
But in general, adoptive parents have similar enough concerns and interests to biological parents for it to be, in most cases, both natural and useful to include them in such spaces. Nobody sensible thinks that adoptive parents are necessarily buying into an oppressive ideological agenda of parenthood, and, by their choice to be parents, imposing that agenda on other parents.
The following is a guest post by Sophie Grace Chappell, who is a Professor of Philosophy at the Open University. Maybe we should think of it like this: Transwomen are to women as adoptive parents are to parents. There are disanalogies of course, and the morality of adoption is a large issue in itself which I can’t do full justice to here. Mar 15, · Consciousness. The meanings of the two terms “conscience" and “consciousness" are often confused and are misunderstood by many people. This article is an effort to clarify these meanings and to show the role of a “clear conscience" or a “troubled conscience" in health and disease. Confusion between conscience and conscious occurs because the latter word is sometimes used as a noun synonymous with consciousness, meaning “mental awareness,” though the longer form is .